V:  The Modern Age

Overview | Year 11 | Year 12 | Year 13 | Year 14 | Year 15 | Year 16 | Year 17 | Year 18 | Year 19 | Year 20


This section may well be seen as the anchor of the Chronology:  our own spot in history, from the Crisis forward. Nearly 20 years of stories, the most recent events, told in order; they should be canonical and relatively easy to organize. Right…?

Well, not quite. There are a few complications. For one thing, this has been one of the busiest periods in DC Universe history, with more titles featuring more characters, and more crossovers taking place between them, than ever before. For another, there’s the fact that some things established in the years between Crisis and Zero Hour were revised (but subtly!) by the latter event; and potentially all of it was revised yet again by Infinite Crisis (see the Section 6 Intro for more discussion of this). Centrally, there’s the unavoidable question of how much time these events have taken, and when exactly to place Crisis and Zero Hour themselves.

With every new reboot, of course, hope springs eternal that DC might make the shift to “real time” storytelling, but thus far any steps in that direction have been hesitant and piecemeal, overwhelmed by the weight of other titles carrying on in “comic-book time.” So while I’d prefer it were otherwise, I’ll continue to deal with compressed time for the purposes at hand. But that just leaves the question hanging… how much compression is plausible, exactly, before the timeline is overwhelmed by its own internal inconsistencies? 

Let me stipulate up front to one necessary change from the previous version of this Chronology. My analysis at the time indicated five years passed from Luthor’s election year to the year of Infinite Crisis and 52. However, later stories made it clear that 52 itself spanned an election year (in #26 Lorraine (Firehawk) Reilly is elected to the U.S. Senate), and moreover a presidential year (it’s the only place the presidential election in Uncle Sam & the Freedom Fighters v1 can plausibly fit, notwithstanding that the preceding Battle for Blüdhaven mini-series seemingly had some “One Year Later” elements). Accordingly, IC must fall only four years after Luthor’s election, not five. I’ve carefully re-analyzed the intervening events and it is indeed possible (although not easy) to compress them into the reduced span.

(The events of 2008’s DCU: Decisions mini-series throw a monkey wrench into this calculus, forcing an additional presidential election cycle into DCU time with no possibility at all of four more years having passed… but although the comic makes no attempt to explain this oddity, it is possible to contrive feasible explanations without distorting the rest of the timeline. More on that in Section VI.)

Conflicting Evidence

The change just described is only the beginning of the complications, not the end. How much total “comic-book time” elapsed from the original Crisis to the events of ICDC’s own official timelines both concur in placing Zero Hour roughly four years after the Crisis, and my Chronology did the same, then added another three between ZH and Luthor’s election (including more than a year of very compressed events, then the roughly real-time year of “No Man’s Land,” then the campaign year)—which results in 11 years (as adjusted above) from Crisis to IC.

Unfortunately, I can’t necessary treat that number as reliable. Various stories implicitly argue for both a much longer and a much shorter timescale.

Starting with the “longer” argument, the most conspicuous culprit is Green Arrow/Black Canary #5 <4.08>. Oliver (Green Arrow) Queen had just had his origin retold in Green Arrow: Year One <9-11.07>, and the GA/BC story explicitly tied in to that, recapping the history of Oliver’s son Connor Hawke (Green Arrow II) and setting his birth immediately after Ollie’s return from his life-transforming stay on an uncharted island. Traditionally, in previous accounts, Ollie began his career as GA pretty much immediately upon his return… which would place Connor’s birth early in “Year One” of DC’s silver age period.

The thing is, we know Connor met Ollie and became his successor in the months immediately after Zero Hour. He’s always been portrayed as about 18-19 at that time… but this revised origin would make him dramatically younger (only 15 by my analysis, and only 11 according to DC’s official timelines!). The story doesn’t suggest this at all; the implication is instead that far more years passed between Y1 and ZH than usually understood.

Such an analysis would also be supported by the various Vertigo titles that originated in the DCU and retain a connection with it (e.g., Hellblazer, Sandman, the various runs of Swamp Thing), most of which have steadfastly operated in real time over the years. Indeed, the Hellblazer and ST issues of Secret Files (<8.00> and <11.00> respectively) included timelines that blithely cited many DCU events as happening in their years of publication, completely unlike the timelines in any other Secret Files.

The “shorter” argument is equally problematic. A handful of stories published since IC have implied that a bare five years have passed from Crisis to the “OYL” year. These include Kurt Busiek’s Superman #654 <9.06>, describing Superman’s first flight with Lois as a mere “twelve years ago,” and Geoff Johns’ JSA #2 <3.07>, telescoping the family history of Citizen Steel… but the most blatant case by far is Johns’ Teen Titans v3 #42 <2.07>, which recaps the history of Eddie (Kid Devil) Bloomberg in some detail. It starts with his first team-up with Blue Devil (published contemporary with Crisis), including flashback dialogue that calls him a “twelve year old,” and ends in the present, with Eddie himself saying he’s only 17… all embedded in a plot involves a magical bargain that absolutely mandates he is, unavoidably, well under 20. It’s not even possible to “slide up” the Blue Devil history, since the new story also references an obscure older one [Blue Devil #19 <12.85>] in which Kid Devil teamed up with the short-lived Robin II (Jason Todd), and treats the two as peers—even though Jason Todd himself, since his revival before IC, has clearly been portrayed as an adult, not a teen. Perhaps most egregiously, Eddie reflects back on when Blue Devil joined the Justice League, “about a year” after his origin… even though that happened after ZH, which as you may recall has never been treated as less than four years after the Crisis.

Ultimately, the “shorter” interpretation is just as unworkable as the “longer” one, if not more so. Indeed, a five-year span from Crisis to “OYL” is just flatly impossible, since the presidential election stories described above clearly require five years to have elapsed just since Luthor’s election.

One can imagine contrivances to reconcile both examples: Connor Hawke (perhaps Ollie didn’t actually make his costumed debut right away after Connor’s birth?) and Kid Devil (perhaps Eddie lost or forgot a few years somewhere before ZH, via suspended animation or a limbo dimension or some other manifestation of the “weirdness” that always surrounded Blue Devil?)… but readers shouldn’t have to put in that sort of effort to make sense of what are, otherwise, pretty enjoyable stories in their own right. And despite the fact that both stories make heavy use of past “continuity”… far from making it easier to sort out the overall sequence of events in the shared universe, they actually make it considerably more complicated.

Tricky Decisions

Still, evaluating such stories forced me to confront a dilemma. Could it be possible to reduce the Crisis-to-OYL time (and thus the total Chronology) to fewer than 12 years (if not down to five!), while still retaining the integrity of the stories within it?  I tried and found that the answer is arguably yes… but also arguably no.

As an exercise, it’s (just barely) possible. We can crunch the span from Crisis to ZH from four years down to three (less even than DC’s official versions), and the span from ZH to Luthor’s election from three years down to two—reducing the combined total from seven to five, and the Crisis-to-OYL span down to ten.

However, the change does considerable violence to quite a few stories (especially those published from 1989-’92 and 1999-2000): for example, by abandoning the entire year-long internal chronology of “No Man’s Land” (including its poignant Christmas/New Year’s climaxes), and reducing both Gotham’s rebuilding and Luthor’s presidential campaign to almost impossibly brief spans (whereas before they were merely implausible). It also requires “zig-zagging” among story arcs vs. the original publishing order, and thus (A) risks violating internal story elements that might not be immediately obvious when events that should coincide no longer do so, and (B) possibly crowds other tales out entirely.

In short, I don’t like the idea. However, inasmuch as “New Earth” history is the result of the “soft reboot” of Infinite Crisis, there is at least a pretext at hand for making such changes.

This dovetails with the question of what actual calendar years to use to anchor the Chronology (which I stubbornly persist in doing for the sake of clarity; call me crazy). The previous version was pretty clearly anchored, both backward and forward, from the turn of the millennium—which was an important factor in “No Man’s Land,” “Y2K,” “Lex 2000,” and quite a few other stories. Of course, this would mean that the “present” stories in the DCU are only now making their way through 2006, as of what’s currently being published in 2009. Alternately, we could opt to slide Luthor’s election (and everything else) forward by four years to 2004… meaning that current stories are set in 2010. (Yes, ironically, in either case things are offset from publishing time.)

Making this “slide” would make the DCU a bit more forward-compatible as it continues to tell new stories (while stubbornly ignoring real time). On the other hand, it would make it a bit less backward-compatible, since as noted in the previous version of this Chronology many stories involved timespans carefully synchronized with other past events (e.g., 1960s-era JSA tales referenced in James Robinson’s celebrated Starman run). And, of course, since not everything slides forward identically, it would give me a lot more work to sort out these details and make the change.

I worked out a matrix to determine what the overall results would be for this Chronology, treating each of these options as a variable. As you can see, the combination adds up to a dramatic difference:

“Present” set at… 2006 2010

Crisis-to-IC equals…

12 years


Silver Age begins:      Year 1/1983
Crisis:   Year 11/1993
Zero Hour:     Year 15/1997
Lex elected:     Year 18/2000
Infinite Crisis:     Year 22/2004
One Year Later:     Year 23/2005


Silver Age begins:      Year 1/1987
Crisis:   Year 11/1997
Zero Hour:     Year 15/2001
Lex elected:     Year 18/2004
Infinite Crisis:     Year 22/2008
One Year Later:     Year 23/2009


10 years


Silver Age begins:      Year 1/1985
Crisis:   Year 11/1995
Zero Hour:     Year 14/1998
Lex elected:     Year 16/2000
Infinite Crisis:     Year 20/2004
One Year Later:     Year 21/2005


Silver Age begins:      Year 1/1989
Crisis:   Year 11/1999
Zero Hour:     Year 14/2002
Lex elected:     Year 16/2004
Infinite Crisis:     Year 20/2008
One Year Later:     Year 21/2009

My previous version of this Chronology followed Option A. What are the pros and cons of making changes?  To review:  on the one hand, SHORTENING the timeline:

On the other hand, shortening the timeline also:

Meanwhile, SLIDING the timeline:

On the other hand, sliding the timeline also:

I have literally agonized about this, and gone back and forth over how to proceed. You may notice that most of the “advantages” are non-diegetical. Ordinarily I would reject both of these possibilities, the extra compression and the forward slide, on the ground that the analysis of the existing stories rests on reliable logic and should be allowed to stand. (From my ground rules:  “Fidelity to the stories themselves trumps other considerations.”) Under present circumstances, though, the “soft reboot” does open the door to explaining away such changes… so if such concessions are ever to be made, now would be the time, when there’s at least an in-story pretext.

I have therefore decided (however reluctantly) to implement both of these changes, and follow Option D in this updated Chronology.

I retain my right to change my mind about this, though (hey, the whole project is completely unofficial anyway, right?), so if anyone reading this notices logical shortcomings in the new, recompressed version of this section, by all means please let me know. Needless to say (I hope), I certainly didn’t re-read all the stories in question, merely re-assessed the contents of the Chronology in light of new data.

Despite the changes discussed here, however, most events since the Crisis should still be canonical as published… so in contrast to the pre-Crisis sections, I don’t try to include every single event that’s been established. I’ve merely listed landmark events that deserve mention in their own right, or that provide a chronological framework into which others can be interpolated… which even so amounts to a heckuva lot. Within that framework, events and characters I deem particularly notable are highlighted in bold, as usual.


Through all of this, it remains true even in this section that some DCU events continue to adhere to real time (most notably those published under the Vertigo imprint), presenting an ongoing dilemma, as one “branch” of the universe progresses faster than the other, and the divergence between them grows more unwieldy… just as it does with Golden Age/JSA-related characters and events in earlier sections. Year by year, it'll grow harder to explain how John Constantine could have had a romantic fling with Zatanna (without whole new unsavory implications, at least!), how Dream’s Ruby could have been used by Doctor Destiny, or how Daniel the Sandman could be Lyta Trevor’s child. (DC can and does minimize crossovers between the “mainstream” DCU and the Vertigo titles that share its universe, and for some time did the same between modern characters and their WW II predecessors, but sweeping such elements under the rug can’t change the fact that they’re still all bound together in a single reality.)

While I’ve certainly tried my best to honor real time for the titles that adhere to it, some considerable “tweaking“ is required to reconcile various Vertigo characters and stories and other real-time events interspersed throughout these years (and such entries still appear without the otherwise nearly ubiquitous “black bar of ambiguity” at the left)—so in the interests of full disclosure and maximum clarity, I ask now for open-mindedness on those points, recognizing that DC has left us with no perfect solution.

To attentive readers, all these contortions demonstrate yet again the incompatibility of depicting change and progress over time, yet still trying to keep characters artificially ageless and detached from that time’s passage. This tension afflicts the fictional universe with a frustrating lack of cohesiveness. One can only hope the editorial powers-that-be see the absurdity of letting events keep sliding into an indeterminate future, and at some point find and seize the opportunity to keep the DCU moving forward… by rooting it in real time, and letting the characters grow and change in sync with the world around them!

Overview↑ top 

And here’s the summary, showing clearly just how chaotically busy this period has been…


Year 11

  • (Or as DC would have it, Year 7)
    • Booster Gold debuts [age 20]
    • Captain Marvel debuts [age 9]
    • The JSA is trapped in limbo
    • Legends occurs—Darkseid scheme
    • Captain Atom debuts
    • New JL(I) and Suicide Squad form

Year 12

  • Winter
    • Millennium occurs—Guardians depart
    • GA [age 43] & BC [age 30] move to Seattle
    • Checkmate forms
  • Summer
    • The Joker cripples Barbara Gordon
    • Starman V (Will Payton) debuts
  • Fall
    • The Joker kills Jason Todd
    • Invasion! of the Alien Armada

Year 13

  • (now extra-compressed)
    • Superman exiled in space
    • JLE forms
    • Huntress debuts [age 20]
    • Barbara Gordon becomes Oracle
    • Tefé Holland born
    • Hawkman (Katar Hol) and Hawkwoman come to Earth
    • Clark and Lois get engaged
    • Luthor fakes his death
    • Tim Drake debuts [age 13]
    • Tim becomes Robin III
    • “Time and Time Again”
    • Armageddon 2001/JL: Breakdowns/War of the Gods
    • Ray II debuts [age 18]
    • Eclipso attacks
    • JSA rescued from Limbo
    • Superman is killed by Doomsday

Year 14

  • Winter
    • “Reign of the Supermen”
    • Bane breaks Batman
    • Superman returns
    • “Emerald Twilight”—Hal Jordan goes bad
    • Kyle Rayner debuts as GL [age 24]
    • Bruce Wayne returns as Batman
    • Zero Hour—Parallax strikes
    • Jack Knight becomes Starman VII [age 27]
    • Brief new Titans and JL teams form
    • Underworld Unleashed—Neron schemes

Year 15

  • Winter
    • “Contagion” afflicts Gotham
    • Green Arrow dies
    • Connor Hawke becomes GA [age 18?]
    • New “big guns” JLA forms
    • Final Night averted by Parallax
    • Legionnaires from 30th Century stuck in present
    • Clark and Lois wed
    • Superman Blue (& Red)
    • Hippolyta becomes Wonder Woman III [age ~3,200]
    • Genesis wave impacts Earth
    • Gotham devastated by earthquake
    • Young Justice forms
    • DC One Million—time-trips to 853rd Century

Year 16

  • (Year 12+ in DC’s official timeline;
    now extra-compressed)

    • Hypertime revealed
    • Gotham declared “No Man’s Land”
    • Original Titans re-form
    • Batman and allies gradually re-take Gotham
    • “Chain Lightning”—Flashes vs. Cobalt Blue
    • Brainiac 13 attacks Metropolis
    • Gotham reopens
    • Luthor declares for presidency
    • New JSA forms
    • Wally West marries Linda Park
    • Day of Judgment—Hal Jordan becomes the Spectre
    • “Grand Guignol” in Opal City
    • “Tower of Babel”—Rá’s al Ghúl vs. JLA
    • Lex Luthor elected President
    • Jim Gordon shot

Year 17

  • Winter
    • Lex inaugurated
    • Oliver Queen returns as Green Arrow
    • Oa is rebuilt
    • “Our Worlds At War” against Imperiex and Brainiac 13
    • The Joker’s “Last Laugh”

Year 18

  • Winter
    • Bruce Wayne framed for murder
    • Kyle Rayner becomes Ion, resurrects Guardians
    • Bruce Wayne cleared of murder
    • The Titans and Young Justice disband
    • JLA and JSA confront “Virtue and Vice”

Year 19

  • (now extra-compressed)
    • Batman faces the new villain “Hush”
    • Flash confronts the new Zoom
    • Titans/YJ regroup as the Outsiders and Teen Titans
    • President Luthor is disgraced, forced from office
    • Kara Zor-El arrives on Earth [age ~15]
    • Tim Drake resigns as Robin
    • San Diego falls into the ocean
    • Stephanie Brown serves briefly as Robin
    • President Ross resigns from office
    • “War Games” wrack Gotham; Tim returns
    • Identity Crisis—tragedy and scandal strike the JLA

Year 20

  • Winter
    • Hal Jordan returns to life as Green Lantern
    • Blue Beetle killed by Max Lord
    • Everything goes to hell in a handbasket as Infinite Crisis arrives

↑ top 

This page last updated 07/04/2009 .